Tuesday, July 7, 2015
Was Lombroso Only a Product of His Own Time?
Cesare Lombroso was a professor in psychiatry and criminal anthropology. By using concepts based on physiognomy that criminals have a distinct physical features, he combined early eugenics, psychiatry, social Darwinism, Morel's degeneration theory and French positivism to explain criminological theories which were based on the idea that criminality was inherited.
What is Cognition and Cognitive Dissonance?:
Let's say that you are asked, 'How are an apple, a grape, and a peach alike?' You probably have conscious images of the items. It takes only a bit of reflection to decide that the right answer is, 'they are all kinds of fruit.' Knowing represents cognition.
Freakonomics - You've Got to Read It to Believe It!:
How is it that Steven Levitt, an economist, and Stephen Dubner, a journalist, have sold millions of copies of Freakonomics? The book's success and wide acclaim rest with the fact that it explains perplexing human behavior from the standpoint of economic incentives.
Why Attaining Happiness is So Elusive, Part 5:
This is the final part of a five-part series exploring the ideas and suggestions for achieving happiness in The Happiness Hypothesis by Jonathan Haidt, positive psychologist. I looked at the "ethic of divinity," peak experiences or moments of self transcendence, and the importance of love and work. Finally, I asked two questions about happiness that have preoccupied humans for ages.
Overcoming Passive Aggression:
What I like about the book is that even though it addresses the angry person as "the problem" and the focus is on how that person expresses or fails to express hidden anger, there is a strong call to action on the part of the person who is in a relationship with the angry person. And part of the call is being careful about the way we express anger.
Book Review - Influence (The Psychology of Persuasion ) Robert Cialdidi:
"Influence", the classic book on persuasion, explains the psychology of why people say "yes" - and how to apply these understandings. Dr. Robert Cialdini is the seminal expert in the rapidly expanding field of influence and persuasion.
Flow - The Psychology of Optimal Experience by Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi:
This great book from one of the founding fathers of positive psychology is no pop psychology book as it is backed up by years of scientific research. It outlines his theory that people are most happy when they are in a state of flow.
Growing Up on the Spectrum:
Growing Up on the Spectrum A guide to Life, Love, and Learning for Teens and Young Adults with Autism and Asperger's by Lynnn Kern Koegel, Ph.D., and Claire LaZebnik. There are over half a million Americans under the age of twenty-one who are autistic. In the 1960's only one in every 2,500 children was diagnosed as autistic, now it is one in every 150. Autism has a wide range of intensity, that is why it is called a Spectrum. A person can have some or all of the various autistic aspects. Asperger's syndrome is sometimes called high-functioning autism, because these people often have superior mental abilities or skills - way beyond any normal person - but only in certain areas, such as mathematics. While they might have incredible ability with math, they can have problems crossing a road, or using a knife and fork at the same time.
You Don't Know Crazy:
Mental Illness - It Is My Turn Please, anyone who has been affected by someone they love that was or has recently been diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder should read this book. It is from the inside view of the person with the diagnosis versus the person trying to deal with someone else having the behavioral health disease.